What is cystitis, what are the symptoms? How is cystitis treated?

Cystitis, in which at least 20 percent of women are caught at least once in their lifetime, is among the most important health problems that reduce the comfort of life. This condition, also known as urinary tract infection, can sometimes be a harbinger of serious diseases when it recurs.

Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder or bladder. The most common cause is infections caused by bacteria. In women, the incidence is much higher in women because the tube called the urethra, which carries urine out of the bladder is shorter than in men. At least 20 percent of women develop cystitis at least once in their lifetime. Cystitis, a disease that can spread to the kidneys if not treated in time, can cause permanent damage to the bladder and kidneys.


Burning and pain while urinating (It may continue after urinating),

Frequent urination,

Spread of pain to the groin and anus,




Vomiting and nausea

Turbid urine with bad smelling,

Pain during sexual intercourse.


Interstitial cystitis: Also known as painful bladder syndrome, Interstitial cystitis is a chronic, sterile inflammatory disease of the bladder of unknown cause. Diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis, which is generally seen in women, can be difficult. Interstitial cystitis is not caused by infection, but its symptoms can be felt like those of a bladder infection.

Active sex life increases the risk of developing disease.

Cleaning the genital area. 

Using a diaphragm for birth control.

Conditions in which the bladder cannot be emptied completely due to reasons such as bladder stones, enlargement of the prostate gland or pregnancy may be among the causes of cystitis.

Estrogen deficiency during menopause can cause it.

High sugar levels in the urine of diabetic patients can predispose to cystitis, as it can provide a good environment for bacteria to grow.

Using irritating chemicals such as perfumed soap or bubble bath can cause this disease.


Although it can rarely resolve on its own in some cases, it is often treated with cystic antibiotics that require treatment. 

Before determining the best drug for the disease, the microbe that causes cystitis should be determined. After the examinations, the drug to be used for this disease should be decided.

When recurrent or chronic cystitis is not treated, the infection that occurs can reach the kidneys and cause much more serious health problems.  


Consuming plenty of water

Going to the toilet immediately when the need for urine is felt.

Paying attention to cleaning the genital area.

Draining urine from the bladder as soon as possible after sexual intercourse.

Using cotton underwear.

Avoiding the common cold.


In cases where the symptoms of this disease do not disappear within a few days, when there is frequent, when severe symptoms such as blood in the urine are experienced, symptoms are seen in children, it is necessary to go to the ” urology ” doctor without delay.