What is Lyme disease? What are the symptoms and treatment methods of Lyme disease?

Lyme disease; occurs as a result of the infection of one of the four basic types of bacteria transmitted by ticks. It lives in grassy woodlands where bacteria-bearing ticks are concentrated. However, if time has been spent here, the probability of getting this disease is higher. In this respect, it is important to take precautions in places with tick infestation. What is Lyme disease? What are the symptoms and treatment methods of Lyme disease? Here, all the details…

Arising from Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria Lyme the ailment is manifested first by a large, red rash on the skin. Lyme disease, which cannot be diagnosed in early cases, may cause serious diseases as it will involve many organs. Since there is a disease transmitted from ticks to humans, it is important to stay away from forest or grassy environments where ticks will occur, and to choose clothes that cover the body and will not leave any place where the tick will bite when these areas are entered.

What is Lyme disease?

Lyme disease; is an infection caused by a bacterium called a spirochete, in which deer ticks overflow. Four basic types of bacteria cause Lyme disease. Borrelia mayonii and Borrelia burgdorferi cause Lyme disease in the USA, while Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii are the leading species in Asia and Europe. Known as the most common tick-borne illness in these locations, Lyme disease is transmitted by an infected black-legged tick bite, commonly known as a deer tick. Typical symptoms; headache, fever, skin rashes, tiredness. If not treated; The infection can spread to the heart, joints, and nervous system.

What are the symptoms of Lyme disease?

Symptoms of the first stage of it are visible days or weeks after catching the bacteria. These findings are very similar to those of the flu. Symptoms:

– Fever,
– Chills with cold,
– Headache,
– Generally weak feeling,
– Pain in the joints,
– Stiffness in the neck. In addition, mild or flat swelling can be seen where the tick bite. In the center of this zone is the clean area. If this flushing is not treated as erythema migrans, it takes at least 1 month. They found that it may disappear from time to time. If left unattended, it can spread to the brain, joints and heart.

Signs of the second stage of this illness can appear several weeks or months after the tick bite. Symptoms;

– Pain in the chest,
– Heart palpitations,
– Pain and numbness in the area of ​​redness,
– Shortness of breath,
– Weakness in the facial muscles.

Symptoms of the third stage of this illness may appear months or years after infection. The most important symptoms are muscle and joint pain. Findings:

– Swelling in the joints,
– Abnormal conditions in muscle movements,
– Sleep disorders,
– Joint swelling,
– Thinking, speech and memory problems,
– Visual disturbances,
– Tingling and numbness.

What are the treatment methods for Lyme disease?

When the correct disease is diagnosed, it is possible to cure Lyme disease. Oral antibiotic treatment is applied for a few weeks in order to prevent the spread of the disease with early diagnosis and to prevent the symptoms that will occur in the future. It is seen that most of the patients recover rapidly and fully with antibiotic treatment. In patients with late diagnosis, antibiotic treatment is given intravenously. Despite treatment, some people with advanced conditions may experience joint pain and neurological damage.

Is Lyme disease an infectious disease?

There is no risk of illness transmission from person to person. Because ticks carry bacteria. As a result of any contact, there is no risk of passing to another person. After a certain period of time after the tick has settled in the body of the individual, the disease begins to spread throughout the body. If it is detected and intervened early, the disease can be prevented before it is transmitted to the individual. It would be correct to state that Lyme disease is not transmitted from person to person.

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