What is Currency Swap

What is currency swap ? What are the Swap Types? Swap, which we hear everywhere from economic areas to social media, has always been a matter of curiosity. Despite the fact that swap is talked about so much, the number of people who understand it is very small. We have researched and compiled all aspects of swap in order to eliminate the question marks in the minds.

What is currency swap

what is currency swap? The dictionary meaning of the word swap is “to exchange, to exchange”. In other words, the transaction in which the parties exchange the cash flow related to a liability or asset by mutual agreement is called swap. The purpose of swap transactions is to minimize the danger that occurs as a result of fluctuations in exchange rates and interest rates. Swap is a tool that is necessary for the investor to prevent the danger that may arise due to these changes, mostly when changes in exchange rates occur.

What is currency swap? For example, a company with fixed-rate debt for several years and a company with a similar but variable-rate debt can change each other’s obligations by agreeing to each other. This process is also called swap.

You cannot trade on the stock market with swaps. With swaps, you can trade over the counter, not under the counter. Although they have different definitions, they often use Swap for the same transactions. Swap offers great flexibility in planning and executing bilateral contracts to be made, resulting in many swap versions serving different purposes. Interest rate swaps and currency swaps are the most common swap types.

What are the Swap Types?

What is Swap? The first of the swap types is currency swaps. The first modern currency swap took place in 1982 between IBM and the World Bank. A currency swap is an agreement between two parties, which involves the exchange of a set amount of money for another currency and the giving of the principal currencies exchanged over a specified period of time to their rightful owners.

The possibility of using swap transactions as a tool in the event of danger has greatly influenced the occurrence of asset swaps. If we examine it in time, it has been seen that swaps are generally used for this purpose, especially after the 1980s. Asset swaps consist of combining an asset and a swap to create a synthetic asset. For example, a fixed-rate asset can be converted into a floating-rate asset in the same currency or a different currency.

Interest rate swaps have gained momentum around the world since the 1980s. Almost all interest rate swaps are in US dollars. In addition to these, interest rate swaps have started to apply in other currencies, especially since 1985.

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Swap Transactions?

Swap transactions have many advantages;

  • For example, thanks to credit arbitrage, companies can reduce their funding expenditures.
  • It leads to the realization of efficient active and passive management in companies.
  • Swap offers the opportunity to open to different markets.
  • It greatly facilitates access to up-to-date resources at a lower cost than the cost of using a new loan.
  • Swap offers the opportunity to make contracts with different maturities.
  • It gives the opportunity to protect trade secrets to hide.
  • Swap creates an effect that minimizes or eliminates hazards.

Swap transactions also have some disadvantages;

  • Interest, exchange rate and credit risks are not completely eliminated.
  • It does not have a formal or organized market.
  • There is no specific standard in the contracts to be made.

What Is Currency Swap and What for?

Swaps can be very useful in some areas. For example, swap is of great importance as a tool in risk management. Swap transactions are also very suitable for increasing active income. It also provides the benefit of barter to minimize resource usage expenditures.

There are some organizations that are parties to swap transactions; International funds, Banks, Multinational companies, Central banks, and local governments. Banks and companies mostly implement the swap process. With swap transactions, they reach the most economical result in risk situations.

What is Swap? We hope our topic was on your information. See you in another informative topic…


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